This week's puzzle...
Funeral home directors were originally called undertakers. What did that word mean?
Sandi is still unable to correspond via the Rootsweb lists,
but here is a new puzzle question for you.
Use the form below to send your response directly to Sandi. To receive a reply from her, you must include your e-mail address. Please use this form only for responses to the current puzzle. It is not to be used for other inquiries.
The puzzles and answers from previous weeks may be found below the form.
Puzzles and Answers from Recent Weeks
For older questions and answers, follow this link.
In the early days, when laying out the roads in a county, what were some of the first roads established and why?
Answer: Most of the first roads established led to the water grist mills. This was a source for food for the people.
What was the name of the legal body in Kentucky that preceded the establishment of the Circuit Court?
Answer: The Court of Quarter Sessions preceded the Circuit Court in Kentucky.
Here's the definition; give me the correct term: "an attempt or offer to beat another, without touching him; as by holding up one's fist at him in a menacing manner; striking at another with a cane or stick, though the party missed his aim; presenting a gun, when loaded, at a person; drawing a sword or bayonet; throwing a bottle or glass, with intent to wound or strike."
When an individual died intestate, how long legally did the Administrator have to complete all the reports (inventory, sales, dower, settlements, etc) and return them to the County Clerk's office.
Answer: There was no time limit. Some settlements took 10 years or more to be completed.
What is the day after Christmas called in Canada, Australia, South Africa and New Zealand but not in America?
Answer: Boxer or Boxing Day. [Best Submitted Answer: "This is the day when UPS and FedEx throws out all the boxes not delivered before Christmas!"]
What was the name given the time when a woman could change her wardrobe from black to shades of gray or pastel?
Answer: After being in full-mourning and wearing black; the next step was called half-mourning when a lady could move from the black clothes to lighter shades and enter back into a little more activity.
What was a migratory divorce?
Answer: This is a divorce where the filing party or both move to another state where it is easier to get a divorce.
In older wars in Kentucky and elsewhere, men could serve either in horse or foot units. What were these two classifications?
Answer: the cavalry and infantry.
Why are there so many counties in Kentucky? Other than Texas, Kentucky has the largest number of counties. There was a law which explained this. Can you find it? It is not because Kentucky is large!
Answer: A county seat had to be located no farther away that a man could travel by horseback in one day.
Scenario. A married woman owns land in her own right, likely granted to her by her father or other situations. While she is married, her husband has control of all her land. Who does the land go to upon her death?
Answer: The husband did not receive land belonging to his wife at her death. He never owned it; he controlled it. At her death, the land would go to her heirs - their children. If no children, then to her closest heirs. When you find a deed where a man is selling land and his wife was interviewed privately by the County, this meant that it was her land and not his. She had to give permission for the sale or the land or it wasn't sold!
What would a bed wrench have been used for?
Answer: a bed turner was an instrument used to tighten the ropes on an old bed.
When a man wrote his will he had to have at least two witnesses. But certain individuals could not be a witness. These men were sane, not criminals and weren't disbarred from being a witness for someone else. But, they could not be a witness to this specific will. Who?
Answer: Any individual named as a beneficiary in a will could not be a witness to the will.
There were 2 major reasons that people had to "remove" a certificate for land they had been be legally granted. This meant that they gave back the land to the court. What were the TWO possible reasons they had to do this?
Answer: There were two main reasons that an individual had to give back land to the County. (1) Due to a surveying error, the land had already been granted to an earlier claim. It would revert to the original owner and the man would be allowed to locate on other unclaimed land. (2) The land was found to be on military land that had been set apart for soldiers and officers of the Revolutionary War.
This will apply primarily to Baptist church members but many other denominations have a similar situation. The scenario: a man joins the church. He gets into trouble and is excluded from the church. Later he comes back, repents or confesses and the church lets him be "restored" to membership. He immediately asks for his letter dismissing himself from the church. Why would he do this?
Answer: It is likely that the man was either moving or another church of the same denomination had formed nearer to him. He would not be allowed to join there unless he had a letter of dismissal from his old church. So, he had to restored at his old church, then he could ask for his letter.
If you hired a drowner, what was he expected to do?
Answer: He irrigates the crops and lands.
If a person was laying in a narrow bed, describe it.
Answer: A narrow bed refers to a coffin or, sometimes a grave.
How well do you know your Kentucky geography? Where in the state would you be most likely to find the remains of the railroad track that was used for the Underground Railroad?
Answer: There are no remaining railroad tracks for the Underground Railroad because it was not a railroad. The term is used to describe the routes that slaves took in their quest for freedom. It covered walking, going by boat, going from safe house to save house, etc.
The term "8 day man" was used in America during a certain period of our history. When was it used and what did it mean?
Answer: An 8-day man was a derogatory term for Rebel soldiers who only served for a short time in the Civil War.
A 2-parter. What was the name given for a woman who acted in the capacity of settling an estate when no will was left and what was the name given for a woman who was appointed by the deceased husband who left a will?
Answer: A woman was designated as an Administratrix if her husband left no will. She was an Executrix if he did.
What were two usual ways that the connecting points of property lines were marked by surveyors in the 1800s in Kentucky?
Answer: Rocks and trees. Marks were carved or painted on rocks - they could be moved or plowed under. Slashes or initials would be carved in trees - trees died and were cut down. Thus, often the land had to be resurveyed.
Seen often in Circuit Court cases, there was an expression denoting that a wife had deserted her husband and he was filing for divorce. It was said that she had left his ___ and ___. What was that term?
Answer: Bed and board. She was not only leaving her marital bed but his protection and provision of her.
Who am I describing? (1) a person who sided with the Colonial side against the British during the Revolutionary War, or, (2) a person who was against Andrew Jackson's ideas and principles, or, (3) a political party.
Who kept rogue money and what was it used for?
Answer: Rogue money, as it was called in Scotland, was a tax paid by a county. The funds were used to apprehend, prosecute and maintain criminals in jail.
What was the name of the fee imposed in order for qualified men to vote?
Answer: poll tax
This war was fought from 1846 to 1848. What was it called, who was involved and what caused it?
Answer: The Mexican-American war was fought when Mexico was unhappy with the United States taking some of their lands in Texas and other states that bordered Mexico.
In the past, where would one find a lapstone?
Answer: A lapstone was used by a cobbler. He laid the stone on his lap and bet the leather to soften it.
In looking at our male ancestor's pictures in the past, we sometimes see them with beards, mustaches and long hair, sometimes pulled back in a ponytail. What would we see if the man yelled out "I'm pilled!"
Answer: The poor man was in total shock! He was bald.
Since many people in south central KY had Scottish ancestry, there was a particular type of cloth that many women made. It was a combination of two materials - one type was for the filler and the other type for warmth. What is the hyphenated word that describes this material?
Some towns had 2 men who were called searcher and sealers. They looked for one thing, either approving or denying. What did they do?
Answer: These men checked leather goods to be sure they were of good quality and then put a seal on each piece to verify it had been inspected.
A certain plant found in some counties in Kentucky was supposed to have medicinal value and was harvested. One area of Kentucky is known by the name of this plant.
Answer: The Pennyroyal/penniroyal plant is of the mint family. A large section of Kentucky lies within what is known as the Pennyroyal area [aka Pennyrile].
If you had to go to the leach house, where would you be going and what happened there?
Answer: A leech house was a hospital. But, a leach house was a place at a tannery where pelts were cleaned of hair and debris.
What legal word am I describing - only one word accepted! "To encourage, incite, or set another on to commit a crime; to command, procure, or counsel him to commit it."
Something very important about this Tuesday, May 30th in Kentucky. What?
Answer: On May 30, 1792 the Kentucky Constitution was approved and on June 1, 1792 Kentucky became a State.
Schools in the 1800's were one-room school houses with a teacher hired by the school board. Parents wishing their children to attend such a school had to pay for their enrollment. What were these schools known as?
Answer: subscription schools
Our earliest ancestors came to America by ship. There was a special area - cramped - on the ship where most of the menial laborers that were employed by the captain were housed. What was this area called?
Answer: This was known as the "Glory Hole." The quarters on a ship that are occupied by the stewards or stokers.
Many of us have Scottish ancestry. If we had been invited to a celebration where we were expected to leave small change to help certain people, what would we be attending?
Answer: A Penny Marriage. People left change on the table to help pay the expenses of the wedding.
We all know what a bigamist is - a man who is married to two women at the same time without a divorce from the first. This was also spelled bigamus. But a man could be called a bigamus for another reason and it was legal. What had this man done?
Answer: There are two answers; I was looking for the fact that he married a widow. The other option means that he was married twice.
What is a sleeping partner? Is it someone who snores? One who stayed up too late and can't keep his eyes open? Who is he?
Answer: A silent partner
What is the name for the following definition: Nominal or worthless bail. Irresponsible persons, or men of no property, who make a practice of going bail for any one who will pay them them a fee therefor. (Blacks First Edition).
Answer: Straw bail
A man has something described as rack sided. What is it?
Answer: The farmer has a type of barn called a rack-sided barn. Follow this link for a photo.
A man's estate is being inventoried prior to public sale in the 1800's. The men doing the inventory noted "other old iron". To what were they referring?
Answer: Pieces of old iron laying around with no value in itself but could be used again.
What was a marriage called between two Quakers who were married in a civil ceremony rather than in a church ceremony?
Answer: Marriage contrary to discipline or married out of unity.
You see a strange squiggly circle on a document with L. S. written within it. What was this?
Answer: This was a seal used on official documents when wax seals were no longer used. The L S was for a Latin term meaning "the place of the seal."
Why could a minister or a Justice of the Peace and even the County Clerk be much busier during the fall and winter months? This does not have anything to do with crops or deaths or elections ... but something happened more often during the fall and winter months that would keep them busier than usual. What and why?
Answer: The majority of weddings took place in the fall or winter.
If an individual signed his name "John (X) Smith," we assume he could not write. But, it could mean something else. What was another reason?
Answer: A holdover from earlier days, some people signed their name with an (X) when they could write. It was their Seal. Remembering in days gone by when the king or someone signed a document, they'd stamp a seal after their name to guarantee its authenticity? This tradition continued among certain people. They weren't kings or anyone super special, but they wanted their seal. Over the years the (X) got between their first and last name instead of at the end. In the majority of cases as time passed, it did indicate that someone else signed for a person who could not write.